Determining recording location based on synchronization positions of audio watermarking


In this paper, we propose a novel application of digital watermarking, determination of recording locations. This application enables us to determine the seat location in an auditorium where a recording was made. Precisely measured synchronization positions of the spread-spectrum watermarks are used for the determination. To avoid use of mismeasured synchronization positions, the algorithm discards synchronization positions with the corresponding normalized correlation values below a threshold. The experiments with our implementation resulted in accurate determinations; almost all of the locations can be determined within the error of 0.5 m. These experimental results successfully show the potential applicability of our application.

Proc. IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP)