Extracting paraphrases grounded by an image

Abstract

A paraphrase is a restatement of the meaning of a text in other words. Paraphrases have been studied to enhance the performance of many natural language processing tasks. In this paper, we propose a novel task to extract visually grounded paraphrases (VGPs), which are different phrasal expressions describing the same visual concept in an image. These extracted VGPs have the potential to improve language and image multimodal tasks such as visual question answering and image captioning. How to model the similarity between VGPs is the key of VGP extraction. We apply various existing methods as well as propose a novel neural network-based method with image attention, and report the results of the first attempt toward VGP extraction.